1. To get involved, you'll need to Sign Up first, but that's quick, easy and free.
    Dismiss Notice

Working to save E. latifrons

Discussion in 'Cycad Conservation Projects' started by Craig, Jun 7, 2016.

  1. Craig

    Craig Member

    May 30, 2016
    Likes Received:
    This is a really good read if you're interested in cycad conservation, and you really should be :smile:

    The Albany Cycad (Encephalartos latifrons) is endemic to the Bathurst region in the Eastern Cape in South Africa. It is listed as Critically Endangered on the IUCN Red List (Donaldson, 2003) and on the draft list of threatened and protected species, drafted in terms of Section 56(1) of South Africa’s National Environmental Management Biodiversity Act, 10 of 2004. In addition, all species of Encephalartos are listed on Appendix I of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES). Appendix I listed species are the most threatened of the CITES-listed animals and plants and face an imminent threat of extinction due to trade. CITES prohibits commercial international trade in wild collected specimens of these species, with exemptions for conservation related activities, such as scientific research or artificial propagation. While CITES imposes restrictions on international trade of cultivated specimens, the key threat to E. latifrons stems from the domestic level through illegal harvesting and domestic trade. Even though the Albany Cycad has been afforded the maximum legal national protection, the species is facing an extremely high risk of extinction in the wild. This is exacerbated by infrequent coning and great distances between plants, therefore natural pollination no longer occurs. For several decades now, no evidence exists of natural recruitment or viable seed production in the wild. In the past, agriculture presented a severe threat to the survival of this species due to the ongoing conversion of suitable habitat, but the predominant threat to its continuing existence today is illegal collecting.

    Between 60 and 100 individual E. latifrons remain in the wild with none of thee plants located within formally protected areas. In response to the need for an urgent national conservation strategy for the Albany Cycad, a workshop was held in July 2006 to assess the viability of the current population and to determine actions for the species recovery and ongoing conservation. The workshop was facilitated by the IUCN (World Conservation Union’s) Conservation Breeding Specialist Group Southern Africa (CBSG SA) and the Endangered Wildlife Trust (EWT) and funded by the South African National Biodiversity Institute (SANBI) and Norwegian Agency for Development Co-operation with endorsement from the Department of Economic Affairs, Environment and Tourism (DEAET) of the Eastern Cape Government.

    The CBSG utilises a series of scientifically-based tools to undertake risk assessment and species management decision-making. The Population and Habitat Viability Assessment (PHVA) process is one such tool, which uses population and conservation biology, human demography and the dynamics of social learning in intensive, problem-solving workshops to produce realistic and achievable recommendations for more effective wildlife and habitat management.

    Outcomes from this PHVA workshop include recommendations around the development and implementation of a supplementation programme to create conditions required for selfreproducing populations (supplementation will include confiscated plants and seedlings). Research will also be undertaken to better determine the distribution of wild populations, the impact of harvesting cycad bark for traditional use and the market and demand for plants. A national audit on seedlings produced in nurseries and private collections will also be conducted. A Cycad Forum is to be established to facilitate the implementation of the conservation and management plan and provide an opportunity for all stakeholders to raise concerns and continue discussions on species conservation issues.

    As part of the workshop process, input was given into the Eastern Cape policy on propagation and sustainable utilisation of E. latifrons, and details of the suggested changes to the policy and the way forward for Albany Cycad conservation are provided in Section 4.

    Read more here: http://www.cbsg.org/sites/cbsg.org/files/documents/Albany Cycad PHVA Report.pdf
  2. kerqSab

    kerqSab Well-Known Member

    Dec 27, 2018
    Likes Received:
    Hello. I found the best PSN CARDS hmm. For all countries.

    You can get it from this link:

    Psn Generator No Survey




    You can create a brand-new account utilizing your present email quarters if Ps pro Code Generator you never ever played any type of EA games upon a console subsequent to that account. And next moreover every the equipment mumbo-jumbo, it is the games that create the console, not the specifications.
    A lot more like some games that has your ID tied to your on the internet improvement llike FFXIV COD Warframe. concerning the latest conference Microsoft released the further Kinect sensing Free Psn Codes No Surveys Or Downloads 2019 unit indicated for every Xbox gamers. Instead, Sony offered occurring deep dives into 4 of its largest upcoming video games: Fatality Stranding, Spider-Man, The Last people 2 as without difficulty as Ghost of Tsushima.Both these 2 makers can be considered as gaming consoles aimed at the "hardcore gamers". Opt-in to get your hands on our email updates as without difficulty as you'll never ever miss How To acquire Playstation plus For free No Surveys an reorganize on the current games, information, sales and all little issue else from the world of PlayStation, as speedily as it occurs.
    Remain attached to your gaming links and afterward the video games you enjoy to play, see who's online, and discover the most recent titles on PlayStation Shop. It is Sony's response to Nintendo's Wii and Microsoft's X box video game gaming consoles How To acquire pardon Psn Redeem Codes No Surveys. The video game additionally includes returning personalities when John Marston, the cherished protagonist of RDR 1. Furnish upon your own like a large buildup of classic tools and furthermore saddle up onto your dependable horse for the journey of a lifetime.
    The programmers just attain not utilize the ps3 on its genuine skill as well as the subsequently ps4 is 3 grow old a powerfull as the Xbox one os stfu. However the game data source they are using runs Free Psn Code Generator No Human Verification out date consequently this attribute lonesome services older games. In the year 2011 lots of video games will totally inauguration for PS3 system roughly consisting of all popular genre.

    Free Psn Codes No Survey No Download
    Free Psn Codes Ps3
    Free Ps Vita Codes No Survey 2019
    Nextlevels Top Psncodes
    Free Psn Codes Without Surveys 2019
    Free Psn Gift Cards No Human Verification 2019
    How To Get Free Psn Codes Without Surveys
    Unlimited Free Psn Card Codes Online 2019
    Get Free Psn Codes Without Surveys 2019
    Free Psn 2019
  3. kerqSab

    kerqSab Well-Known Member

    Dec 27, 2018
    Likes Received:
    Hmm. Free iTunes Card Code 2019 IS NOW AVAILABLE FOR YOU!


    It is officialthe Apple Watch is coming someday in April ! The iTunes buildup app sells music and videos. As a child, it appears as if you can't apply for anything as an grownup, and if you wish to shop on-line, and along with you're underneath Where Can I get clear Itunes gift Card Codes the age of 18, you're going to discover that it may be exhausting, as a repercussion of you possibly can't pay bearing in mind cash online.
    However, there was no reveal I was in a incline to comprise my laughter bearing in mind he instructed me to pay my "again taxes" by purchasing an iTunes present card. The supplementary fairly additional product of Apple is the iphone4. So, he or she wants to do away considering it. As well, you will find particular net-websites that supply present playing cards they grab from superstores, like Real.
    Usually the divulge of affairs is that the kid has been concerned in some exercise that she is aware of her parents disapprove of. It may definitely Apple Itunes Card without difficulty be sampling the frosting upon a birthday cake before the occasion, or talking to strangers upon extraction or downloading songs upon iTunes in the same way as out right of entry to use the parents' tab card.
    You can redeem iTunes Retailer compensation Playing cards and content codes within the iTunes Store, App Retailer, iBooks Store, or Mac App Retailer. The gift pardon Unused Itunes Codes card will pretend from anywhere upon the earth appropriately long as you are redeeming the card on a US region iTunes account.

    Free Itunes Gift Card Generator 2019
    Free Itunes Gift Card Generator 2019
    Free Itunes Codes List 2019
    Free Itunes Money 2019
    Free Itunes Gift Card No Survey 2019
    Free Itunes Codes 2019 Not Used
    How To Win Itunes Gift Cards Prize Wheel 2019
    Free Itunes Gift Card Codes Generator 2019
    Free Itunes Gift Card Codes No Surveys 2019
    Free Itunes Gift Card Codes No Surveys 2019
    Free Itunes Card Redeem Code 2019

Share This Page